Latin descent man inspects home exterior. Contractor, inspector.

What You Need To Know About

Richmond Pest Control

Pests are a common problem in Virginia, and most of the pests that commonly get into homes in Richmond and the surrounding areas are well-known. When you come across a pest in your house, you’ll probably want to know a few more details. Our Pest Library describes the most common pests in our area, explains the problems they typically cause, and provides information about the best way to eliminate them.

Common Insects

Ants Infestation

When the weather begins to warm every spring, creatures that have been less active over the colder winter months become active once again. Ants are common insects that most homeowners start to notice in the yards every spring, moving around foraging for food to bring back to their nest. Areas of your yard where you are most likely to see ant activity are places that provide them with food and moisture. Gardens and flowerbeds, trash cans, recycling bins, pet food bowls, and outdoor eating or cooking areas are where you’re likely to find ants. The more food you have available on your property for them to take advantage of, the more active ants will be, and the more likely they will eventually find their way into your home.

There are several different species of ants in the Richmond area that homeowners regularly contend with, such as carpenter ants, little black ants, and fire ants. Fire ants are mainly a problem in our yards; they prefer to nest outside and are ferociously protective of their nests. Large groups of these small ants will swarm, delivering painful venom-filled stings, and making it impossible to enjoy your yard safely. The little black ant’s small size enables them to easily find their way into our homes while foraging for food, water, and shelter. They invade in large numbers, and you’ll regularly see them in traveling over floors and across counters. Carpenters ants are one of the largest ants to invade our homes, and their nesting habits cause them to be destructive. Inside buildings, they tunnel through and create nesting galleries inside water-damaged or decaying structural beams.

Adult Odorous Ant of the genus Dolichoderus
Macro photo of a bed bug

More Information about

Bed Bugs

Why are bed bugs in your home? They are in your home for two reasons; they were introduced by you, a family member, or a visitor, and because you and your family provide them with food in the form of human blood. Bed bugs solely feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals, with people being their preferred food source. Bed bugs have adapted to living indoors with people, and their main mode of transportation has become hitchhiking. They hitchhike on people or inside our belongings to new locations, making anywhere people spend time a place where bed bugs spend time.

After bed bugs move into your home, they multiply quite quickly and can cause a large-scale infestation that takes over your house and causes you and your family stress and sleepless nights. Another problem with bed bugs is that while they don’t spread diseases like other blood-feeding pests, they still bite. Bed bug bites can cause some to develop a red, itchy rash which can become infected due to scratching at the bite sites. Knowing where bed bugs are likely to congregate is helpful so you can regularly inspect those areas and identify an infestation quickly. Common bed bug hiding spots include the seams of mattresses, box springs, and upholstered furniture. They also like to hide inside electrical outlets, behind wood trim and baseboards, and within the clutter.

Follow these prevention tips to prevent bed bugs, and if you do get a bed bug infestation, reach out and learn more about our bed bug control services.

A Big Threat to the Population


Virginia is an area where mosquitoes thrive. Our geography, climate, and large populations of people and animals provide these small flying, biting pests with everything they need. The primary food source for mosquitoes is plant nectar and other sweet liquids; however, female mosquitoes require blood meals. Females need to feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals to gain the protein they need to create viable eggs. Females then lay their eggs on top of areas of standing water. Populations of mosquitoes spring up very quickly as it only takes around eight to ten days to develop from egg to adult. Some of their most popular breeding sights include clogged gutters, tree stumps, containers like buckets or wading pools, the tops of trash cans, birdbaths, water bowls, and low-lying areas that allow rainwater to puddle.

In order to feed, the mosquito uses its elongated piercing mouthpart called a proboscis. After being bitten, a red, itchy welt usually develops; scratching at the bite site can lead to scarring and secondary infection. However, the diseases and parasites these insects transmit to people and animals during the feeding process are a bigger problem. As they feed, they can acquire infections that they pass on to their next host; diseases like the West Nile virus, eastern equine encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis, and St. Louis encephalitis. They are also well-known for transmitting parasitic heartworms to our pets, which can be fatal if not treated. Limiting populations of mosquitoes on your property and limiting your contact with them in outdoor spaces is key to protecting the health of your family.

Aedes mosquitoe is sucking blood on human skin.
Black and white spotted mosquito on the surface of liquid

Our Mosquito

Control Process


You may think mosquito control is as simple as spraying your Richmond, VA area yard with a product and calling it a day. At Cobalt Pest Control, however, we go beyond the expected in order to provide each customer with the exceptional service you deserve. That means that your service begins with a thorough inspection of your property prior to treatment.

During this inspection, we look at the layout of your property and for conducive conditions, especially areas of standing water. Standing water is required for mosquitoes to breed, so identifying and eliminating these areas is essential in reducing the size of your mosquito problem and keeping it low. Once we’ve completed our inspection, we’ll go over what we found with you and make recommendations about simple steps you can take to help keep the mosquito population low in your yard.


Using a natural, pollinator-safe product, we will treat your property for mosquitoes. Our treatment focuses on eliminating adult mosquitoes and eliminating breeding grounds. To do this, we’ll treat your yard, shrubs, 30 feet trees, and other foliage areas. We’ll also use a larvicide in places where you cannot eliminate standing water.

Our mosquito control treatment provides up to 90% effectiveness against mosquitoes, fleas, ticks, and other flying insects.


Our mosquito control service is available on a one-time or monthly recurring basis. One-time treatments are ideal for special events, such as outdoor parties, weddings, concerts, and more. Monthly services are your best bet for continual mosquito control throughout the season. In addition, we warranty our monthly treatments. If you need a booster treatment between regularly scheduled services, we’ll perform it free of charge.

Enjoy Your Yard Again

Mosquitoes are good at driving people indoors, but if you have a lot of mosquitoes in your Richmond yard, you don’t have to let them dictate where you spend your time anymore. With Cobalt Pest Control’s mosquito control services, your yard can become largely mosquito-free, allowing you to enjoy your time outdoors again. Contact us today to get started, or to learn more about our Richmond, VA home pest solutions.

Predatory Creature


A type of arachnid, the spider is a predatory creature that feeds on many different insects and other spiders. In nature, spiders are helpful; however, when they are in our yards in large numbers or in our homes, they are a nuisance to deal with. While all spiders are a nuisance to crawling around your house or outdoor spaces, some in our area can actually be dangerous. The black widow spider and brown recluse spider have venom strong enough to affect a person if a bite were to occur, making them dangerous to have in our yards and homes. Luckily most of the spiders we run into, like the common house spider, are not a threat to people, as their venom is not strong enough to cause harm if a bite were to occur.

The reason spiders are in our yards and homes is that they often find an abundance of food sources there. Spiders hunt and feed on flies and various other insects; the things that attract insects to our yards will also attract hungry spiders. Open trash cans, garden areas, exterior lights, outdoor eating areas, landscaping, and areas of standing water are often gathering points for spiders. Spiders don’t necessarily want to live inside our homes but usually wind up inside when following their insect prey. Spiders will follow insects that move indoors searching for food or shelter; once inside, they tend to stay inside if food, water, and shelter are available. The more insect activity you have in your yard or home, the more problems with spiders you will experience.

Linyphiidae Dwarf Spider
wasp in a yellow flower.

Dangerous & Unwelcome Pests

Stinging Insects

While stinging insects are extremely beneficial when living outside away from our yards and families, when in our yards or homes, they are dangerous and, for the most part, unwelcome pests. The reason that stinging insects are so dangerous is because of their stingers. A stinger extends from the end of the abdomen that they use to inject venom into their prey to paralyze them; they also use them as a means of defense. When sharing our yards, stinging insects often come to view people as a threat and deliver painful, venom-filled stings to defend themselves. While their stings are painful, the bigger concern is that the venom is strong enough to trigger (sometimes life-treating) allergic reactions in people.

In the Richmond area, several species of stinging insects may decide that your property is a good place to nest. The most common species include wasps, bees, yellow jackets, hornets, and bald-faced hornets. Usually, when stinging insects decide to build a nest in a high-traffic area of your yard, such as under decks, in gardens, in landscaping, on play structures, or inside ground holes, they become problematic. Like other pests, food often attracts stinging insects to a property. Gardens or flowering plants provide stinging insects with pollen or nectar and a place for their insect prey to hang out. Trash cans, recycling bins, and outdoor eating areas are other places you’ll run into stinging insects in your yard. If you ever notice large amounts of stinging insects in high-traffic areas of your yard or around your home, it is best to contact a professional to identify them and provide the services needed to safely remove them.

Found in Wood & Organic Material


The Richmond, Virginia area is full of lovely parks, forests, and wooded neighborhoods. Trees are a visible part of our area and make it a beautiful place to call home. However, living in an area populated by trees means that our homes and businesses are more at risk of a termite infestation. These insects feed on cellulose found in wood and other organic materials. Though many of the buildings and homes in the Virginia area are built from brick, don’t let that fool you into thinking you don’t have to worry about these wood-eating pests. There are many different wooden building materials found inside your home that these pests will target and utilize as a food source, causing major structural damage in the process.

The most widely distributed termite species in our area and across the country are eastern subterranean termites. These termites nest in the ground, and to maintain their high moisture needs, they travel through the soil or through the above-ground mud tubes they create. Subterranean termites travel each day from their nest to a food source. Termites are persistent pests that will eat 24/7, year-round. They are attracted to areas of moisture and damp soil and wood such as mulch, landscaping ties, and leaf litter. When these areas are close to your home, foraging termites will move inside through cracks in the foundation or concrete slabs or pieces of wood, making direct contact with the ground. Once inside, they will move to damp areas and begin feeding. Structural wood near pipes, windows, and doors are especially susceptible to termite damage.

A close-up of ugly termites on the dirt
Close-up view of a mouse

creating holes in walls, insulation, and flooring

small rodents

Mice are small rodents that are common pests in Richmond homes and other structures. They are usually light brown or gray in color, with large, round ears and a long, scaly tail. Mice are known for their agility, versatility, and ability to gnaw through a wide range of materials, including wood, plastic, and even metal. They feed on a variety of foods, including cereal grains, fruits, and vegetables. Mice are small pests that can cause significant damage to homes, businesses, and other structures. One of the primary forms of damage that mice can cause is by gnawing on wires, pipes, and other building materials. Their sharp teeth and constant chewing can create holes in walls, insulation, and flooring. Mice can also chew through electrical wiring, which can pose a serious fire hazard and disrupt power to your home or business.
Mice are considered pests due to their ability to spread disease, damage structures and property, and contaminate food supplies. They can also cause electrical fires by gnawing on electrical wiring. To prevent mouse infestations, it is important to eliminate any potential food sources and entry points, such as cracks and crevices in the home’s foundation, and to regularly inspect the home for any signs of mouse activity. If an infestation occurs, it is best to seek the assistance of a professional quickly to stop the damage and spread of mice . We have the tools and expertise needed to effectively eliminate the problem and prevent future infestations. This may include the use of snap traps, glue boards, and bait stations, as well as exclusion and sanitation measures.
Another form of damage that mice can cause is through their droppings and urine. Mice leave their waste wherever they roam, which can be unsanitary and pose a health risk to humans. Mice droppings can carry harmful bacteria and viruses, and their urine can also cause respiratory problems in people who are sensitive to strong odors. Additionally, their droppings can also attract other rodents, which can exacerbate the infestation. Our trained service professionals will give an evaluation looking for entry points and harboring areas in your home. We will then discuss treatment options and customize the treatment to your home or business. Most importantly will we close up entry points and provide permanent solutions to protect your home and family. Insulation removal and replacement might be required in some situations and sanitation services are also available to protect your family’s health and safety!

common household pest

fruit flies

Fruit Flies, also known as vinegar flies, are a common household pest in Virginia that can infest kitchens and other areas where fresh fruits and vegetables are stored. They are small, about 1/8 inch in length, and are typically dark in color with red eyes. Fruit Flies are attracted to overripe or rotting fruits and vegetables, as well as fermented liquids such as wine, vinegar, and beer. They are capable of laying hundreds of eggs in a single location, and their populations can rapidly grow.
Fruit Flies can be a nuisance in the home, and can also carry and spread bacteria and other pathogens that can contaminate food and surfaces. To prevent fruit fly infestations, it is important to properly store and dispose of overripe or rotting fruits and vegetables, and to regularly clean and disinfect food preparation areas. If an infestation occurs, it is best to use integrated pest management strategies, such as the use of fruit fly traps and insecticides, to reduce the population of these pests in the home. Additionally, regularly removing any sources of food and moisture, and keeping a clean and sanitary living environment can help to prevent future infestations.
Close-up view of a fruit fly

Custom Solutions For Your Richmond, VA

Pest Problems

If you are looking for a modern solution to your Richmond, Virginia area property’s pest problems, reach out to the professionals at Cobalt Pest Control. We are dedicated to our customers and to providing the best family and pet-friendly pest control solutions possible. Our professionals provide efficient, stress-free services that offer peace of mind and a pest-free home. To learn more about our home pest control services, please give us a call at Cobalt Pest Control today!

Home inspector checking at broken structure